The mask maker can and does give his own creative interpretation to the traditionally prescribed general forms, attributes, and devices. The use of theatrical masks in Java is exceptional, since masks, being forbidden under the prohibition of images, are practically unknown in the Islamic world.
They not only record careers and illustrious deeds but also offer rounded portraits of statesmen, orators, and military leaders. The ancient Mexicans made burial masks that seem to be generic representations rather than portraits of individuals.
This is partly because the total artistic qualities of a mask derive both from its exterior forms and from its meaning and function within its cultural context.
Plautus, like them, took the bulk of his plots, if not all of them, from plays written by Greek authors of the late 4th and early 3rd centuries bce who represented the New Comedyas it was callednotably Menander and Philemon. Paton, with a Greek text and ample notes reflecting current scholarship.
When he was 25, Terence travelled to Greece and never returned. The funerary epigram may have been a factor here.
Legrand, The New Greek Comedy His action was lively and slapstick, and he was able to marry the action to the word. What is the meaning of the element "music" as from Aristotle's Poetics? The popularity of Plautus was greatest in his own time and in the generation that followed him; but his plays continued to be acted until the age of Cicero, by whom, as also by Varro, he was greatly admired.
Antelopes, characterized by their elegant simplicity, are carved in wood and affixed to woven fiber caps that are hung with raffia and cover the wearer. Plautus earned money by working in the theater but promptly lost it in trade.
Terence sometimes did add extraneous material. During this period he wrote three plays not extant. The Hecyra failed twice: Plots are based on myth, but themes reflect imperial Roman politics.
What is Aristotle's meaning for the term "theme"? Lucius wants the sensations of a bird, but by pharmaceutical accident becomes an ass.
Marcus Aurelius Haines, C. In patrician families these masks or imagines were sometimes preserved as ancestor portraits and were displayed on ceremonial occasions. Masks have served an important role as a means of discipline and have been used to admonish women, children, and criminals.
The collecting of masks has largely been of recent origin. Masks are also used for warfare and as protective devices in certain sports, as well as frequently being employed as architectural ornament.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The nose is often of rolled buckskin or corncob. The 15th-century Renaissance in Italy witnessed the rise of a theatrical phenomenon that spread rapidly to France, to Germany, and to England, where it maintained its popularity into the 18th century.
The stories are in part derived from ancient Sanskrit literature, especially the Hindu epics, although the Javanese later became Muslims. His first occupation was connected with the Roman stage, probably as a scene-shifter, and at this he saved enough money to engage in foreign trade, in which he was unsuccessful.
In his hands, Latin became racy and colloquialverse varied and choral. Perhaps the earliest use of masks was in connection with hunting. Clear statement of the hypothesis that there is a lost tradition of archaic lamentary elegy. Gaudily coloured and sometimes having articulating jaws, they present a dragon-like appearance.
Of his family life, nothing is known, except that he left a daughter and a small but valuable estate just outside Rome on the Appian Way. The plays had an active stage life at least until the time of Cicero and were occasionally performed afterward.
Biography[ edit ] Terence's date of birth is disputed; Aelius Donatusin his incomplete Commentum Terenti, considers the year BC to be the year Terentius was born;  Fenestellaon the other hand, states that he was born ten years earlierin BC.Plautus: Plautus, great Roman comic dramatist, whose works, loosely adapted from Greek plays, established a truly Roman drama in the Latin language.
Little is known for certain about the life and personality of Plautus, who ranks with Terence as one of the two great Roman comic dramatists. THE comedy of Aristophanes was a medley of boisterous comic-opera and of lofty lyric poetry, of vulgar ballet and of patriotic oratory, of indecent farce and of pungent political satire, of acrobatic pantomime and of brilliant literary criticism, of cheap burlesque and of daringly imaginative fantasy.
Like Plautus, Terence adapted Greek plays from the late phases of Attic comedy. Terence wrote in a simple conversational Latin, pleasant and direct. Aelius Donatus, Jerome 's teacher, is the earliest surviving commentator on Terence's work.
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Contrast of Plautus and Terence. C. Ruth Ford University of Louisville Follow this and additional works at:agronumericus.com principally of Greek origin. The comedies of Plautus and Terence, in truth, are but translations, or at best, adaptations from Greek originals such.
Like Plautus, Terence adapted Greek plays from the late phases of Attic agronumericus.come wrote in a simple conversational Latin, pleasant and direct. Aelius Donatus, Jerome's teacher, is the earliest surviving commentator on Terence's work.
Terence's popularity throughout the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is attested to by the numerous manuscripts containing part or all of his plays; the.Download