Consequentialism notes

Notes on Utilitarianism

A consequentialist theory is act consequentialist if it holds that the moral permissibility of an action depends on the consequences of that action itself.

Scarre, 53—54 Scarre then uses the example of telling a lie to illustrate: But each fish farm produces waste, which fouls the water in the lake. Suppose for example that I sell my house to an amateur wasp farmer. He said that he held to an objective Consequentialism notes standard based on "ethical consequentialism.

Consequentialism fails because it Consequentialism notes what it is supposed to prove While the two problems above are serious issues with consequentialism as a workable moral system, the biggest problem is with the understanding of how consequences benefit either the individual or the society.

However, everyone would support the Consequentialism notes of a government that uses force to make everyone more environmentally conscious.

Let us call the original form: The biggest contributor to the anarchist ethics is the Russian zoologist, geographer, economist, and political activist Peter Kropotkin. A self-interested person has some incentive to sign a pact to make everyone use a filter, but in many cases has a stronger incentive to wait for everyone else to sign such a pact but opt out himself.

Thus, a morally right action is one that produces a good outcome or result, and the consequences of an action or rule generally outweigh all other considerations i. At best I will call this post Kant-aligned. Mill also held that natural features of human psychology, such as conscience and a sense of justice, underwrite motivation.

She distinguishes between two kinds of sexual intercourse: Too high by what standard? Only the person who happens to have made a promise is obligated by it, for one thing.

You Kant Dismiss Universalizability

On the other hand, she is doing something. The very selfish man agrees and drives you to safety. This way of thinking is not only morally wrong-headed, but economically catastrophic.

Philosophy Notes: Vallentyne, “Consequentialism”

A close consideration of coordination problems demolishes this argument. Bentham, however, can accommodate many of the same intuitions within his system.

That is, our actions can be considered moral or immoral to the extent that they are reasoned. Maybe, but left to their own devices, cod fishermen never implemented or recommended that scheme. Brute here does not mean absolute as opposed to relative. If not for resistance to government regulation, the Canadian governments could have set strict fishing quotas, and companies could still be profitably fishing the area today.

This left him open to a variety of criticisms. I boldly propose a different sort of answer: Utilitarianism is a simple theory and its results are easy to apply. Some critics have argued that if Anscombe is right then this or that bad consequence would follow. Secondary Literature Crisp, Roger, After that, we may still find that this is indeed one of the cases where the free market works better than the government, but we will have to prove it instead of viewing it as self-evident from first principles.

Some Problems with Consequentialism

This fall was caused by a thought of suicide, perhaps even by an intention to commit suicide, but it was an accident still, caused by a shock rather than carried out deliberately.

The Harvester Press, However, in ethics, the issues are most often multifaceted and the best-proposed actions address many different areas concurrently. The company also helps pay for the military muscle needed to keep the juntas in power.

John Stuart Mill

This emphasis on beauty was one facet of Moore's work that made him a darling of the Bloomsbury Group. Post-structuralism and postmodernism argue that ethics must study the complex and relational conditions of actions.

They believed that promoting human happiness was incumbent on us since it was approved by God.G. E. M. Anscombe (—) Elizabeth Anscombe, or Miss Anscombe as she was known, was an important twentieth century philosopher and one of the most important women philosophers of all time.

"Episteme" is a philosophical term derived from the Ancient Greek word ἐπιστήμη epistēmē, which can refer to knowledge, science or understanding, and which comes from the verb ἐπίστασθαι, meaning "to know, to understand, or to be acquainted with".

Notes on Utilitarianism Consequentialist moral theories are teleological: they aim at some goal state and evaluate the morality of actions in terms of progress toward that state. The best known version of consequentialism is utilitarianism. View Notes - Consequentialism notes from PHIL at Ohio University, Athens.

Consequentialist Theories: Maximize the Good Ethical Egoism Says the right action is. John Stuart Mill (–73) was the most influential English language philosopher of the nineteenth century. He was a naturalist, a utilitarian, and a liberal, whose work explores the consequences of a thoroughgoing empiricist outlook.

Consequentialism is an ethical system that seeks to root moral values and duties in the consequences one's actions will produce. I don't think any kind of consequentialism works to ground moral values and I want to offer three initial reasons why.

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